The average monthly wage in Moscow rose to 39.7 thousand in April, said on Wednesday the head of the department of economic policy and development of the capital Marina Ogloblina. According to her, "salary in Moscow is growing even faster pace than planned." The average salary in Moscow, exceeds the average rate of 1.83 times, she added. Thus, according to Federal State Statistics Service in January-April 2011 average monthly nominal wage rose to 22 559 rubles. In the metropolitan department forecast that the average salary in Moscow will continue to grow: in 2011 it will exceed 43 thousand rubles, and in 2014 – 59 thousand rubles. In Moscow, wages are not only more, but grow a little faster. Thus, the growth of nominal wages in the capital in January-April 2011 compared to the same period last year was 12.4%, while Russia's average – 11.5%. At the same time, real wages of the population of Moscow, according to the Metropolitan Department, grew by only 2.7% for four months and the average in Russia, according to the Federal State Statistics Service – 1.8%. Real disposable income (income after deduction of compulsory payments, adjusted for consumer price index) of the population of Moscow in January and April decreased by 12.2% to the corresponding period in 2010, added Ogloblina. On average in Russia real disposable income, according to the Federal State Statistics Service, declined in January-April 2011 by 3.1%. Salaries in Moscow have always been higher than in the whole of Russia. Thus, in late 2008, the average salary in Moscow amounted to 30 thousand rubles, and in Russia – only 17 thousand. "If you look at what part of the economy falls to Moscow, once it becomes clear why Moscow pay more than the average for Russia," – says the analyst of "Renaissance Capital" Anton Nikitin. In 2006, the share of Moscow in Russia's GDP was 21%, higher than the proportion of city population in total population of Russia – 7.2%. In 2008, according to department policy and the development of Moscow, Moscow's share in Russia's GDP was 20%. In 2010, Russia's GDP amounted to 44 491 billion rubles, and the GRP of Moscow – 9900 billion rubles. Thus, the share of Moscow in Russia's GDP has increased to 22.25%. In the world ranking cities in terms of GDP, compiled by PwC in 2009, Moscow has taken 15 place. "In Moscow, higher than the average for Russia – economic activity, demand for qualified personnel, and most of the business was registered in Moscow, including the business with the highest paid part of the workers – in the oil sector," – he adds. "Since Moscow is the center of economic and financial activities to Russia, and salaries are growing faster due to advanced post-crisis recovery" – the economist said FC "Uralsib" Alex Devyatov. Meanwhile, real wages, both in Moscow and in Russia, show fairly modest growth to a few percent. "Before the crisis, real wages showed a population growth in double digits in real terms," - says Nikitin. In fact, he adds, the growth of nominal wages by 11-12% can be considered indexed to inflation. In his view, such low rates of real wage growth may be due to the fact that in 2011 introduced a higher rate of insurance premiums. "Accordingly, many organizations have no incentive to raise salaries, but they have incentives to pass on the issue of salaries in gray schemes", – says the economist. "It also could influence and the fact that wages in Moscow are growing slightly faster than the average for Russia. It is concentrated in regions of the growing number of small business, namely accounting for the main burden of high insurance premiums "- adds Anton Nikitin. Unified social tax (UST) has been replaced by insurance premiums January 1 last year. Employers deducted for each employee 26% of payroll as long as the employee's earnings will not reach 415 thousand rubles since the beginning of the year. After that, the contribution was 0%. Regressive scale, as in force at the UST was canceled. On January 1, 2011 contributions to the extrabudgetary funds increased to 34%. This rate turned out to be unaffordable for many employers. As a result, growth in premiums has led to slower growth in wages and a doubling of official "shadow" payments. Already this spring, President Dmitry Medvedev has demanded the government reduce the newly increased insurance premiums. Starting next year, the maximum rate will decrease from 34% to 30%, while for small social and industrial business – up to 20%, Dmitry Medvedev promised in the St. Petersburg Economic Forum. However, nine of Alexei, "Uralsib" believes that real wages in Russia and now has to grow so slowly. "Real wages, as well as economic theory dictates, should grow on a par with the growth of labor productivity, which is located exactly at the level of 1.5-2%, – the economist said. – If real wages have risen faster than productivity, it would be an unhealthy sign of overheating in the economy. " He recalls that before the crisis, the growth rate of real wages significantly outpaced growth in production. "This was due, on the one hand, the shortage of qualified personnel, on the other – and this is a major factor – a large amount of growth in corporate lending. Companies could send some of these loans to pay salaries. After the crisis, lending declined significantly, although lending volumes to increase by 17% over the year, but it's not 50%,as it was in 2006-2007, "- he explains. All Regional News
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